How Preventive Are Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Programs?
A Critique of School-Based Prevention Models in the United States

by Natascha Wehnert-Franke, Hertha Richter-Appelt, and Christine Gaenslen-Jordan.

Zeitschrift fur Sexualforschung Vol. 5 #1 pp. 41-55 (March 1992)

In the United States, school-based programs are regarded as a very promising avenue for preventing child sexual abuse. The authors provide a critical overview of these primary prevention-oriented models. The focus, moreover, is on the "Child Assault Prevention Project" The authors are especially critical of the simplification of abuse situations, as well as the abstract language used to discuss sexuality that typify these programs. The authors are also dubious of the concept of empowerment, which is supposed to encourage and strengthen the potential victim. Despite the uncritical adoption of American prevention programs, there needs to be a re-thinking in Germany of primary prevention concepts with regard to preventing sexual abuse.

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