Are boys psychologically harmed by sexually expressed relationship with older males?
A cardinal assumption of victimological dogma is that sexual contact between a boy and an older male causes psychological harm that is pervasive and intense. If a boy is forced to do something he does not want to do, it seems reasonable that harm would ensue. But there are many studies that document willing participation, a lack of such harm, and/or positive benefits. Here are a few:
Bender, L. & Blau, A. (1937). The reaction of children to sexual relations with adults. Am. J. Orthopsychiatry, 7, 500-518.
Bernard, F. (1981). Pedophilia: Psychological Consequences for the Child. In L. Constantine & F. Martinson (Eds.) Children and Sex: New Findings, New Perspectives. Boston: Little-Brown
Constantine, L. (1981). The Effects of Early Sexual Experiences. In L. Constantine & F. Martinson (Eds.) Children and Sex: New Findings, New Perspectives. Boston: Little-Brown.
Gebhard, P., Gagnon, J., Pomeroy, W., & Christenson, C. (1965). Sex offenders: An analysis of types. New York: Harper & Row.
Ingram, M. (1981). Participating victims: A study of sexual offenses with boys. In L. L. Constantine, and F. M. Martinson (Eds.) Children and sex. Boston: Little, Brown, 177-187.
Lautmann, R. (1994). Die Lust am Kind [Attraction to children]. Hamburg: Ingrid Klein Pubs. Inc.
Okami, P. (1991). Self-Reports of "Positive" Childhood and Adolescent Sexual Contacts with Older Persons: An Exploratory Study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 20(5), 437-457.
Rind, B., Tromovitch, P., Bauserman, R. (1998) A meta-analytic examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 22-53.
Rossman, P. (1976). Sexual Experiences between Men and Boys. London: Maurice Temple Smith.
Sandfort, T. (1987). Boys on their Contacts with Men. Elmhurst, NY: Global Academic Press.
Tindall, R. (1978). The male adolescent involved with a pederast becomes an adult. Journal of Homosexuality, 3, 373-382.